Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid or γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), also known as 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter and a psychoactive drug. It is a precursor to GABA, glutamate, and glycine in certain brain areas. It acts on the GHB receptor and is a weak agonist at the GABAB receptor. GHB has been used in the medical setting as a general anesthetic and as a treatment for cataplexy, narcolepsy, and alcoholism. It is also used illegally as an intoxicant, and as an athletic performance enhancer. As a date rape drug, and as a recreational drug. Drug test for GHB
Drug test for GHB
It is commonly used in the form of a salt, such as sodium γ-hydroxybutyrate. (NaGHB, sodium oxybate, or Xyrem) or potassium γ-hydroxybutyrate (KGHB, potassium oxybate). GHB is also produced from fermentation and is found in small quantities in some beers and wines, beef, and small citrus fruits.
Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency is a disease that causes GHB to accumulate in the blood. Drug test for GHB
Party use (liquid GHB)
GHB has been used as a club drug starting in the 1990s. As small doses of GHB can act as a euphoriant and are believed to be aphrodisiacs. Slang terms for GHB include liquid ecstasy, lollipops, liquid X, or liquid E due to its tendency. To produce euphoria and sociability and its use in the dance party scene. By 2009 this use had diminished, possibly due to efforts to control the distribution of GHB and its analogs. To the narrow range of dosing and adverse effects of confusion, dizziness, blurred vision, hot/cold flushes, profuse sweating, vomiting, and loss of consciousness when overdosed. The downward trend was still apparent in 2012. Drug test for GHB
Sports and athletics
Some athletes have used GHB or its analogs because of being marketed as anabolic agents. Although there is no evidence that it builds muscle or improves performance. Drug test for GHB
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a Schedule I depressant. The GHB-containing pharmaceutical product, Xyrem®, is controlled as a Schedule III drug. GHB abuse became popular among teens and young adults at dance clubs and “raves” in the 1990s and gained notoriety as a date rape drug.